By Peter Ladefoged
Phonetics is so comprehensible with A direction IN PHONETICS and its CD! This best-selling textual content will get undergraduates painlessly into the subdiscipline of phonetics. Attuning your ear and working towards speech sounds is straightforward with the CD-ROM; over 4,000 audio documents contain many types of English and virtually a hundred different languages. The CD additionally comprises fabric for each chapter--recordings of phrases within the tables and function exercises--and maps with hyperlinks to sounds of the languages spoken in a variety of parts of the realm.
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Extra info for A Course in Phonetics (Sixth Edition)
May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. 2 with one of the other vowels followed by [ r ], while most British English speakers have additional diphthongs in these words. In each case, the end of the diphthong is [ E ], the same symbol we used for the beginning of the diphthong in hoe for most British English speakers. We will discuss this symbol further in the next paragraph. Some (usually old-fashioned) British English speakers also use a diphthong in words like poor, cure that can be transcribed as [ ÁE ].
Say the word lie and note how the tongue touches near the center of the alveolar ridge. Prolong the initial consonant and note how, despite the closure formed by the tongue, air flows out freely, over the side of the tongue. Because there is no stoppage of the air, and not even any fricative noises, these sounds are classified as approximants. The consonants in words such as lie, laugh are alveolar lateral approximants, but they are usually called just alveolar laterals, their approximant status being assumed.
You can also feel your lips becoming more rounded. 13, the specification of vowels in terms of the position of the highest point of the tongue is not entirely satisfactory for a number of reasons. First, the vowels classified as high do not have the same tongue height. The back high vowel (point 7) is nowhere near as high as the front vowel (point 1). Second, the so-called back vowels vary considerably in their degree of backness. 12, this kind of specification disregards considerable differences in the shape of the tongue in front vowels and in back vowels.