Adaptive Origins: Evolution and Human Development by Peter LaFrenière

By Peter LaFrenière

In this text, students are invited to reconsider psychology via grounding it within the traditional sciences with the knowledge that evolutionary and developmental approaches interact with tradition to resolve difficulties of human variation. those techniques are solid as interdependent: improvement can't be understood other than within the gentle of evolutionary concept, and the easiest facts of evolution is the actual fact of improvement. for college students of evolutionary psychology, the entire principal themes -- such as developed psychological modules for concept of brain or language -- require an realizing of the developmental tactics that bring about their expression. Genes, as vital as they're, are by no means the total tale.

The role of organic components is explored in chapters outlining evolution, improvement, genetics, human origins, hormones and the mind. Then, the integrative worth of this evolutionary/developmental imaginative and prescient in knowing key themes in psychology is illustrated by way of making use of it to conventional sector of inquiry together with infancy and attachment, feelings and their expression, social relatives with friends, cognitive and language improvement, intercourse adjustments, courtship and mating, violence and aggression, and cooperation and festival.

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Darwin was the first to grasp the full significance of natural selection as an answer to the question of adaptive design in nature. Adaptation is a central concept in evolutionary biology; it refers to the characteristics of living organisms that enable them to survive and reproduce in a particular environment. Darwin also introduced the concept of sexual selection as a specific form of natural selection that arises “from the advantage that certain individuals have over other individuals of the same sex and species, in exclusive relation to reproduction” (1871, p.

While these spatial populations do not have well-defined groups for group selection, the local spatial interactions of organisms in transient groups are sufficient to lead to a kind of multilevel selection. There is, however, as yet no evidence that these processes operate in the situations where Wynne-Edwards posited them; the analysis by Rauch et al. (2003) is of a host-parasite situation, which was recognized as a context where group selection was possible earlier by E. O. Wilson (1975), in a treatise broadly hostile to the whole idea of group selection.

Ridley, M. (1996). ). Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Science. West-Eberhard, M. J. (2003). Developmental plasticity and evolution. London, UK: Oxford University Press. html 2 C H A P T E R Contemporary Evolutionary Perspectives Ⱥ Sociobiology Another discipline to emerge from the modern synthesis and classical ethology was sociobiology, a term made at once popular and controversial with the publication of E. O. Wilson’s comprehensive opus, Sociobiology: The New Synthesis. ” If Wilson had confined his analysis of social behavior to nonhuman animals there would have been no controversy.

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