Advances in Human Vector Control by J. Marshall Clark, Jeffrey Bloomquist, Hitoshi Kawada

By J. Marshall Clark, Jeffrey Bloomquist, Hitoshi Kawada

content material: Vector biology diagnostics and public healthiness insecticides improvement during the product improvement partnership course / Janet Hemingway --
Pyrethroid resistance within the African malaria vector, Anopheles gambiae, and strength of other pesticides for indoor residual spraying and use on mosquito nets / Mark Rowland and Raphael N'Guessan --
Insecticide resistance within the mosquito Culex pipiens complicated : matters approximately improvement of pyrethroid resistance / Osamu Komagata, Shinji Kasai, and Takashi Tomita --
Vector regulate for prevention of dengue : present prestige and destiny techniques / Tessa B. Knox and Thomas W. Scott --
present prestige and demanding situations of Chagas affliction keep an eye on projects within the Americas / Jun Nakagawa --
Human head lice : prestige, keep watch over, and resistance / J. Marshall Clark ... [et al.] --
ABC's of indoor health and wellbeing : allergens, baits, and cockroach mitigation innovations / Coby Schal --
present prestige of residence dirt mites in Japan and customers for keep watch over brokers / Tomoyuki Hashimoto. Controlling dengue virus transmission within the box with genetically transformed mosquitoes / Ken E. Olson and Alexander W.E. Franz --
Pharmacological mapping of the acetylcholinesterase catalytic gorge in mosquitoes with bis(n)-tacrines / Troy D. Anderson ... [et al.] --
Olyset web : an enduring insecticidal internet for vector keep an eye on / Takaaki Itoh ... [et al.] --
organic efficacy of metofluthrin, a brand new pyrethroid insecticide, powerful opposed to mosquitoes / Takao Ishiwatari ... [et al.] --
An inconvenient fact of pyrethroids. have they got a promising destiny? / Hitoshi Kawada --
The physique louse, Pediculus humanus humanus (Phthiraptera : Pediculidae), genome undertaking : prior, current, and possibilities for the futures / Barry R. Pittendrigh ... [et al.] --
Resistance administration of the human head louse utilizing molecular instruments / Si Hyeock Lee ... [et al.] --
tracking of KDR-mediated pyrethroid resistance in head louse colonies in Japan / Shinji Kasai ... [et al.].

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Coffnes, E. , Eds. The National Academies Press: Washington, DC, 2008; pp 132-149. 2. ; Rosen, L. In Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever, New York, 1997; pp 45-60. 3. Report of the Scientific Working Group meeting on Dengue; Special Programme for Research & Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR): Geneva, Switzerland, 1-5 October 2006. 4. Guzman, M. ; Kouri, G. Lancet Infect. Dis. 2002, 2, 33-42. 5. ; Nathan, M. ; Clark, G. ; Gubler, D. ; Palmer, K. Dengue Bulletin 2003, 27, 6-12. 6. Shepard, D. ; Suaya, J.

Both genetic and biochemical approaches will assist the monitoring and management of insecticide-based Culex control programs. Conclusions Outstanding larval etofenprox resistance has developed in the natural populations of Cx. p. molestus and Cx. p. pallens in Japan. The resistance crosses to other pyrethroids with phenoxy-benzyl moiety. Both kdr and elevated P450 detoxification were involved in the larval pyrethroid-resistance mechanisms as major factors. Multiple P450 genes were overexpressing in etophenprox-resistant strains that are showing 103 level resistance, however, their overexpression patterns were not necessarily common to the resistant strains.

As a result, 29 Cx. p. m. and 3 Cx. p. pallens adults were carrying F1014 and S1014 genes, respectively, in heterozygous condition with the wild L1014 gene or homozygously (8). These results suggest that Cx. p. m. and Cx. p. pallens seldom hybridize in fields. The S1014 mutation was originally found in a pyrethroid resistant strain of Cx. p. mosquitoes (Martinez-Torres et al. 1999). The significance of this mutation for pyrethroid resistance is supported from other study (Kasai, unpublished) as follows: the RNS strain originally segregating the Ser mutant allele less than 20% in Rinshi colony (P37) were subjected to larval selection with etofenprox for 7 generations and the allele finally come to homogeneous, suggesting that the Ser1014 mutation also confers pyrethroid resistance.

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