Applying statistics in the courtroom : a new approach for by Philip Good

By Philip Good

This booklet is directed at either legal professionals and statisticians to make sure they'll interact effectively at the software of facts within the legislation. lawyers will learn the way top to make use of the statistician's abilities, whereas gaining an enriched realizing of the legislation correct to audits, jury choice, discrimination, environmental risks, proof, and torts because it pertains to statistical matters. Statisticians will research that the legislation is what judges say it really is and to border their arguments as a result. This ebook increases the effectiveness of either events in proposing and attacking statistical arguments within the court docket. subject matters lined contain pattern and survey equipment, likelihood, checking out hypotheses, and a number of regression.

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Applying statistics in the courtroom : a new approach for attorneys and expert witnesses

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563, 217 Cal. App. 3d 1332. The frame or source population must be kept current. 2. 2 Criminal Universe Traces of blood have been found at the crime scene; a sample of the defendant’s blood is taken, and DNA fragments from the two sources match. What is the likelihood that DNA fragments taken from some other individual also would have matched? Statisticians and jurists agree the answer depends on the population from which this other random individual is drawn. 36 Lempert [1994] proposes that the appropriate population of suspects be determined by examining the other evidence of a crime.

2. Representation in this group in a series of venires from which juries were selected is not fair and reasonable by comparison with the population in the local judicial district. 3. The underrepresentation is due to systematic exclusion at some point in the juror-selection process. The composition of any specific panel (sample) is irrelevant, and challenges must be based on past patterns of discrimination. With appropriate changes in wording, these points apply to samples of any type taken for purposes other than jury selection — for example, to establish trademark infringement or discrimination in hiring.

Here is where the statistician is so often called as an expert witness. See, for example, Duran v. S. 357 (1979); People v. Harmon, 215 Cal. App. 3d 552, 263 Cal. Rptr. 623 (1989). People v. Harris, 36 Cal. 3d 36, 201 Cal. Rptr. 782 (1984), cert. S. 965, appeal to remand, 191 Cal. App. 3d 819, 236 Cal. Rptr. 680, appeal after remand, 217 Cal. App. 3d 1332, 236, Cal. Rptr. 563. ” To ensure a jury of our peers, we need only ensure that all those eligible for jury duty do in fact have opportunities to be selected.

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