By Sue Stolton, Nigel Dudley
So much safe parts (e.g.national parks and nature reserves) were created to guard natural world and land- and seascape values. They at the moment conceal over thirteen% of the world's land floor, round 12% of marine coastal components and four% of the marine shelf. preserving and increasing those parts sooner or later depends upon exhibiting their wider advantages for society. This booklet presents a concise and persuasive review of the values of safe parts. Contributing authors from over fifty nations study a variety of values which are maintained in secure components, together with meals, water and fabrics; future health; tourism; cultural and religious values; and buffering potential opposed to weather swap and normal failures. The booklet additionally considers the position of safe components in poverty aid recommendations, their courting with conventional and indigenous humans and in fostering clash solution via peace parks projects. The chapters draw on a chain of authoritative stories released by way of WWF over contemporary years lower than the 'Arguments for defense' banner, in organization with a variety of companions, and on extra learn conducted particularly for the amount. It analyses the possibilities and obstacles of safe parts for offering some of the values in addition to sensible recommendation for planners and bosses approximately maximising merits. It offers a major contribution to the talk concerning the position of safe parts in conservation and different facets of average source administration and human livelihoods. released with WWF
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Extra info for Arguments for Protected Areas: Multiple Benefits for Conservation Use
Now we have to look after them, if they finish, we will be finished as well. This statement, made by an indigenous leader in Colombia, is well reflected by the recent declaration of a protected area in Colombia which focuses on preserving the shamanic tradition of local peoples and on the protection of the associated medicinal plants. The establishment of the Sanctuary of Flora Medicinal Plants Orito Ingi Ande was proposed by the indigenous Kofán communities and the traditional medicinemen of the Putumayo foothills, as part of their strategy to strengthen and restore their traditional culture and the associated landscapes.
Effective protected area networks will increasingly only work if other benefits are recognized. This may be uncomfortable for some within the conservation movement, but it is the reality for protected area planners and managers in many parts of the world and this trend is likely to continue. Protected areas are now one of the largest land-uses on the planet and our very success means that the expectations are growing all the time. How effectively we meet these will determine to a large extent whether the enormous increase in land and water under protection remains in perpetuity or if much of it is gradually degraded and, in time, degazetted.
Conservation success, in terms of increasing animal numbers, can also lead to increased pressure at the boundaries of protected areas. These problems are likely being made worse by increased drought and/or floods, both manifestations of climate change (WWF, 2008). • Resource use by indigenous, traditional and local people in protected areas is also not without its management challenges. Traditional systems to protect medicinal plants through taboos, seasonal and social restrictions and the nature of gathering equipment (Cunningham, 1993) can be disrupted by protected area management and legislation, which may abruptly forbid such use even if there has been a long previous history of sustainable use.