By Huw I. Griffiths, Boris Kryštufek, Jane M. Reed
Balkan Biodiversity is the 1st try to synthesise our present knowing of biodiversity within the nice ecu sizzling spot. The conservation of biodiversity is one in every of today’s nice ecological demanding situations yet Balkan biodiversity continues to be poorly understood, in a sector with complicated actual geography and a protracted historical past of political clash. The Balkans show notable degrees of endemism, fairly in caves and historic lakes resembling Ohrid; mendacity on the crossroads of Europe and Asia also they are popular as a spotlight of Pleistocene glacial refugia. This quantity unites a various crew of overseas researchers for the 1st time. Its interdisciplinary technique provides a extensive point of view on biodiversity on the point of the gene, species and atmosphere, together with contributions on temporal swap. organic teams comprise crops, mammals, spiders and people, cave-dwelling organisms, fish, aquatic invertebrates and algae. The e-book will be learn by way of zoologists, botanists, speleobiologists, palaeoecologists, palaeolimnologists and environmental scientists.
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Additional resources for Balkan Biodiversity: Pattern and Process in the European Hotspot
Modern Vegetation: Southwest Asia The vegetation of southwest Asia (Asia minor (Anatolia), the ‘Near’ and ‘Middle East’) is also strongly influenced by climate, altitude, soils and human disturbance and six major vegetation types can be identified (Figure 2; Kürschner, 1984; van Zeist & Bottema, 1991; Zohary, 1973). -1 (units 9, 10 and 11 on Figure 2), while steppic areas are 3. EAST MEDITERRANEAN PALAEOECOLOGY 27 Figure 2. Simplified vegetation map of southwest Asia (redrawn from Norfalise, 1987).
Reille, M. & Sadori, L. 2001. Establishing a terrestrial chronological framework as a basis for biostratigraphical comparisons. Quaternary Science Reviews 20, 1583-1592. van Zeist, W. & Bottema, S. 1977. Palynological investigations in western Iran. Palaeohistoria 24, 19-85. van Zeist, W. & Bottema, S. 1991. Late Quaternary vegetation of the Near East, in Beihefte zum Tubinger Atlas des vorderen orients. Reihe A (Naturwissenscaften) Nr. 18, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, 156 pp. , Woldring, H.
The region as a whole is surpassed in species richness only by the tropics (Mooney, 1988). Fifty percent of the flora is endemic to the region and the flora has evolved over a long period of time under highly variable climatic regimes. , 2000). Forest trees represent an important component in the Mediterranean region with 100 species compared to 30 for Central Europe; the genus Quercus alone has 20 species in the Mediterranean region. Many Holarctic and Eurasian tree species had their ranges severely contracted during glacial periods in northern and Central Europe.