By Manabu Iguchi

This publication offers the elemental conception and experimental innovations of delivery phenomena in fabrics processing operations. Such basic wisdom is very priceless for researchers and engineers within the box to enhance the potency of traditional approaches or improve novel expertise. Divided into 4 components, the ebook includes eleven chapters describing the foundations of momentum move, warmth move, and mass move in unmarried section and multiphase structures. every one bankruptcy comprises examples with ideas and workouts to facilitate scholars’ studying. Diagnostic difficulties also are supplied on the finish of every half to evaluate scholars’ comprehension of the material.

The e-book is aimed basically at scholars in fabrics technological know-how and engineering. even though, it may well additionally function an invaluable reference textual content in chemical engineering in addition to an introductory delivery phenomena textual content in mechanical engineering. additionally, researchers and engineers engaged in fabrics processing operations will locate the fabric important for the layout of experiments and mathematical types in delivery phenomena.

This quantity includes precise positive factors no longer often present in conventional delivery phenomena texts. It integrates experimental ideas and concept, either one of that are required to correctly remedy the inherently complicated difficulties in fabrics processing operations. It takes a holistic strategy via contemplating either unmarried and multiphase platforms, augmented with particular functional examples. there's a dialogue of circulation and warmth move in microscale structures, that is correct to the layout of recent tactics resembling gasoline cells and compact warmth exchangers. additionally defined are auxiliary relationships together with turbulence modeling, interfacial phenomena, rheology, and particulate platforms, that are severe to many fabrics processing operations.

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Ikui T, Inoue M (1982) Mechanics of viscous flow. , Tokyo 12. Schlichting H (1979) Boundary-layer theory, translated by J. Kestin, 2nd edn. McGraw-Hill, New York 13. Uematsu T (1985) Fluid mechanics. , Tokyo 14. Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers (1979) Mechanical engineering SI manual. JSME, Tokyo 15. Batchelor GK (2000) An introduction to fluid dynamics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 16. Bird RB, Stewart WE, Lightfoot EN (1960) Transport phenomena. Wiley, New York 17. Poirier DR, Geiger GH (1994) Transport phenomena in materials processing.

31) is Newton’s law of viscosity that relates the shear stress, τ, to the rate of deformation (velocity gradient) in the fluid. The minus sign is inserted on the right-hand side of Eq. 31) to ensure that the shear stress is positive with increasing wall distance y in Fig. 12 since the velocity gradient, dV/dy, is always negative in this situation. 2 Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Fluid A fluid that obeys Newton’s law of viscosity of Eq. 31) is called a Newtonian fluid. Air, water, oil, and molten metal are classified into this category.

23. The side lengths of the pipe are denoted by a and b, respectively. 100) Substituting Eqs. 100) into Eq. 101) 40 2 Momentum Transfer Fig. 22 Cross section of a non-circular duct P: Peripheral length A A: Cross-sectional area Fig. 14 Obtain the hydraulic diameter for a triangular pipe (see Fig. 24). The length of each side of the pipe is a. 15 Obtain the hydraulic diameter of a passage between two parallel plates. The clearance of the passage is a. 15 Taking the limit of b (b ! 1) in Eq. 101) gives Dh ¼ 2a.