Biological Threats and Terrorism: Assessing the Science and by Forum on Emerging Infections, Board on Global Health, Stacey

By Forum on Emerging Infections, Board on Global Health, Stacey L. Knobler, Adel A.F. Mahmoud, Leslie A. Pray

Within the wake of September eleventh and up to date anthrax occasions, our nation's bioterrorism reaction strength has develop into an coming near near precedence for policy-makers, researchers, public well-being officers, academia, and the non-public zone. In a three-day workshop, convened through the Institute of Medicine's discussion board on rising Infections, specialists from each one of those groups got here jointly to spot, make clear, and prioritize the following steps that have to be taken so as to arrange and increase bioterrorism reaction features. From the discussions, it grew to become transparent that of extreme urgency is the necessity to forged the problem of a reaction in a suitable framework so as to allure the eye of Congress and the general public as a way to garner adequate and sustainable help for such tasks. irrespective of how the problem is solid, a number of workshop individuals agreed that there are numerous gaps within the public health and wellbeing infrastructure and countermeasure functions that has to be prioritized and addressed so as to guarantee a fast and potent reaction to a different bioterrorist assault.

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Extra resources for Biological Threats and Terrorism: Assessing the Science and Response Capabilities, Workshop Summary

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This will expand substantially. 5%) research. 0%) research. From a medical and biomedical standpoint, the military has done an extraordinarily good job over the past decades in preparing and planning for biowarfare. However, there are several important differences between biowarfare and bioterrorism. In terms of protection, the military thinks primarily in terms of the tactical and strategic use of bioweapons against them. Protection of the civilian population is a much more complex issue, the components of which are not considered front-burner issues for the military, nor should they be.

It was noted that the single most important defensive measure that can be taken in this regard is to educate front line healthcare providers, including nurses, doctors, clinicians, and others who are in positions to detect an unusual signal and respond appropriately. It is they who are going to see that first rash, lesion or other symptom, and it is they who will sound the alarm. In order to train front line clinicians appropriately, one speaker described the need to consider the content of the educational materials that need to be provided as well as how to disseminate these materials.

A speaker suggested that hospitals engage in evaluating their ability to care for mass casualties, which will require more than simply counting beds. Evaluating, revising, and implementing responsive plans should be based on probable bioterrorist attack scenarios and include the multiple components of the hospital health care system. Revised disaster plans should also ensure that the plans are not only chemical, but also biological eventappropriate. For example, patients from a biological event may be contagious and unable to be moved or require containment (unlike a response to chemical exposures).

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