By Claire Cameron
Care paintings in Europe presents a cross-national and cross-sectoral learn of care paintings in Europe this present day, protecting coverage, provision and perform, in addition to exploring how care paintings is conceptualized and understood. Drawing on a learn which seems to be at care paintings around the existence direction in a couple of ecu nations, this ebook: explores the context and rising coverage agendas offers an research of the way various international locations and sectors comprehend and constitution care paintings examines key matters, reminiscent of the extraordinary gendering of the team, expanding difficulties of recruitment and turnover, what different types of wisdom and schooling the paintings calls for and what stipulations are had to verify quality employment considers attainable destiny instructions, together with the choice of a prevalent specialist employee, informed to paintings around the lifestyles direction and even if ‘care’ will, or should still, stay a different box of coverage and employment. This groundbreaking comparative examine provokes much-needed new pondering the present state of affairs and destiny course of care paintings, a space necessary to the social and fiscal healthiness of Europe.
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Extra resources for Care Work in Europe: Current Understandings and Future Directions
First, the occupational classifications in the ELFS, which uses the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO), do not correspond precisely to the occupational groups within the ‘care work domain’ as deﬁned by the project. For example, the main occupational group in the ELFS of apparent relevance to a study of care work – ‘personal care and related workers’ (ISCO 513) – includes some workers clearly within the domain, for example ‘child-care workers’ and ‘institution based personal care workers’, but it also includes others who are clearly outside the domain, such as veterinary, dental and pharmacy aides and ambulance workers.
The level of qualiﬁcation in the actual workforce can, therefore, be overstated. In Hungary, for example, workers in home help services (szocialis gondozo) are supposed to be qualiﬁed at the ‘medium’ level, but in fact only 35 per cent are: the rest have little or no training. A major reason for this is that many care work occupations did not exist until after 1989, and it was only then that training began: as a result, 40 The care workforce there are not yet enough qualified workers to go round and employers have to employ unqualified workers.
1998) that the Netherlands and the UK perform better on eldercare than childcare, while the reverse is true for Belgium. But Germany and France show the same ‘middling performance’ for policies on childcare and eldercare, rather different than if services only are considered. There are no cross-national data on services for adults in Central Europe or the wider former Soviet bloc, so no similar generalisations can be made. Turning to the situation in the six partner countries, Denmark has the highest level of publicly funded services across the three groups in our care domain.