By Marco Girolamo Vida, James Gardner
Marco Girolamo Vida (1485–1566), humanist and bishop, got here to prominence as a Latin poet within the Rome of Leo X and Clement VII. It used to be Leo who commissioned his well-known epic, the Christiad, a retelling of the lifetime of Christ within the kind of Vergil, which was once ultimately released in 1535. It used to be via some distance the most well-liked Christian epic of the Renaissance, showing in virtually 40 variants earlier than 1600. It was once translated into many languages, together with Croatian and Armenian, and used to be generally imitated by means of vernacular poets equivalent to Abraham Cowley and John Milton. This translation, observed by means of huge notes, relies on a brand new variation of the Latin textual content.
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32 Duke Humfrey and other imaginary readers Latin prefaces to poems in English, does the assessment hold true? It sounds as though Duke Humfrey would ﬂaunt his erudition in the French vernacular; so why not in two English works? Besides collecting Latin manuscripts and texts, he commissioned Lydgate’s The Fall of Princes and the anonymous On Husbondrie. The Fall of Princes is a translation of Boccaccio’s De Casibus virorum illustrium, although it is in fact based on a French translation made by Laurent de Premierfait in 1409.
S. L. Davies, ed. G. W. Bernard and S. J. Gunn (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2002), 15–32 (23 –4). ⁵³ The interest in the commonweal in ﬁfteenth- and sixteenth-century England, then, may stem from some root quite different from humanism. Yet because it is only a discursive practice—a way of reading, a set of allusions, a style—humanism does not necessarily prompt a concern for the commonweal: but it possibly could prompt that. The possibility is followed in Worcester’s reading of Boece and in other readings.
In expanding the translation, Lydgate also drew on Boccaccio’s other great work of scholarship, his De ⁴³ Edwards, ‘Inﬂuence of Lydgate’s Fall of Princes’, 428–30, and A. S. G. Edwards, ‘Lydgate Manuscripts: Some Directions for Future Research’, in Manuscripts and Readers in FifteenthCentury England: The Literary Implications of Manuscript Study, ed. Derek Pearsall (Cambridge: Brewer, 1983), 15–26 (21–2). For another copy in an academic library, see Peter D. Clarke, with R. 76). ⁴⁴ Simpson, Reform, 55–62; Maura Nolan, ‘ ‘‘Now Wo, Now Gladnesse’’: Ovidianism in the Fall of Princes’, ELH, 71 (2004), 531–58 (552–3).