By Heikki E.S. Mattila
The language of legislations displays the overlapping, competing and co-existing nature of criminal discourse; its shape either the manufactured from its linguistic background and a reaction to the fluidity of criminal tradition. This publication examines criminal language as a language for specific reasons, comparing the services and features of criminal language and the terminology of legislation. utilizing examples drawn from significant and lesser felony languages, it examines the main criminal languages themselves, starting with Latin via German, French and English. every one bankruptcy contains an historic evaluation of the expansion of the language, its overseas use, its coherence within the a number of international locations utilizing it and its courting to cognate criminal languages. the place appropriate, the features of felony cultures are defined to provide an explanation for the good points of the criminal language. The paintings can be a helpful source for college kids, researchers and practitioners within the parts of comparative legislations, criminal conception, semiotics, and linguistics.
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Extra resources for Comparative Legal Linguistics
2000: 229. Vlasenko 1997: 28–32. Arntz 2001: 78. Comparative Legal Linguistics 14 while a detailed drawing, with a key or caption, works perfectly from the communicative standpoint. By contrast, opportunities to use images for legal phenomena are far more limited. , presenting links between main and subordinate concepts) are feasible, although this does not detract from the usefulness of schemata in terminological tasks and in legal didactics. 32 Issues forming part of this subject might include legal style, structure of laws, and intertextual references.
Laws, judgments, administrative decisions, private documents). The majority of these translations are very often done by linguist-translators, not by lawyers. Technical tools as aids to legal translation have been considerably developed over recent years. European Union translators regularly use automated translation tools and computer-aided methods of human translation. However, in the ﬁnal analysis, automated translation and use of terminological databanks presupposes human control. It has not been possible to completely automate translating in the Union, even in cases involving translation of simple text between two very similar Romance languages.
A terminological study is based on careful analysis of systems of concepts, and the glossaries resulting from that are highly accurate. By contrast, the strength of classic dictionaries lies in the fact that they take into account the caprices of legal terminology. As we shall see later,55 legal terms often have multiple meanings (polysemy). So it can be said that, in legal matters, terminological studies operate as an essential support for traditional lexicography. Terminological work involves analysing terms corresponding to the systems of concepts that form the focus of interest.