By Nathan J. Emery, Nicola S. Clayton (auth.), Lesley J. Rogers, Gisela Kaplan (eds.)
This publication explores afresh the long-standing curiosity, and emphasis on, the `special' capacities of primates. many of the contemporary discoveries of the better cognitive talents of alternative mammals and likewise birds problem the idea that primates are certain or even the view that the cognitive skill of apes is extra complex than that of nonprimate mammals and birds. it's accordingly well timed to invite even if primates are, actually, distinct and to take action from a huge variety of views. Divided into 5 sections this publication offers with subject matters approximately better cognition and the way it truly is manifested in several species, and likewise considers elements of mind constitution that would be linked to complicated habit.
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Additional info for Comparative Vertebrate Cognition: Are Primates Superior to Non-Primates?
Primates are our closest relatives (discussed previously) and therefore are likely to have similar cognitive abilities to humans. " As primate cognition is structurally similar to human cognition (Tomasello and Call, 1997), primates must be cognitively more advanced than non-primate species. Although space does not permit us to discuss the abuses of the concept of degrees of animal intelligence 38 Nathan J. Emery and Nicola S. , the incorrect assumption that one animal is more intelligent than another based on experimental tests; Macintosh, 1988) and the concept that this idea was based upon, that is, the flawed idea that animals can be ranked on a continuous scale (the scala naturae; Hodos and Campbell, 1969), we would like to suggest that the assumption that primates are a special case arises as a direct consequence of the propagation of these two concepts.
This situation may be due to a prominent primatocentric view of complex cognition (discussed further), and the fact that the initial species chosen by Premack and Woodruff was a language-trained, enculturated chimpanzee. Although birds display many of the forms of social organization seen in primates, ornithologists have tended to neglect research on complex social 16 Nathan]. Emery and Nicola S. Clayton cognition in birds (Marler, 1997). There are a few studies, however, that do suggest that corvids and parrots, at least, have some of the hallmarks of ToM.
The results were consistent with this hypothesis in that birds whose worm caches were degraded at recovery substantially reduced the number of worms cached and increased the number of peanuts cached. Note that the birds in all groups continued to eat worms which rules out any explanation in terms of a conditioned taste aversion. And interestingly, all birds continued to cache worms in their home cage, suggesting that a reduction in worm caching was restricted to those sites in which the worms appeared to degrade.