By Hilde Katrine Haug
While the Yugoslav communists got here into strength in 1945, they claimed to have brought a socialist technique to the Yugoslav nationwide query. yet what did this declare suggest? This e-book charts the process pursued via Yugoslav communist leaders from their endorsement in 1935 of a method committing to the hunt for a ""socialist solution"" to the nationwide query inside a multinational Yugoslav context, till the celebration disintegrated in 1990. Hilde Katrine Haug examines the influence of the communist leadership's aspirations to create a socialist Yugoslavia on their administration of nationwide clash within the hugely heterogeneous Yugoslav nation entity.
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Additional resources for Creating A Socialist Yugoslavia: Tito, Communist Leadership and the National Question
23 In this statement, the KPJ thus continued to support the notion of narodno jedinstvo. The Search for R evolutionary R esponses 27 Further discussion of the national question within the KPJ was prompted by the Comintern’s decision at its Fourth Comintern Congress in November 1922 that the class and national aims of the proletariat of the oppressed nations supplemented each other. The view that national conflict was a result of Serbian oppression against the other national groups became strengthened by the increasing Comintern interference in this period.
The King’s version of Yugoslav identity was not one to which most of its non-Serbian population could grant their loyalty. The Croats who had hoped for a federal constitution were bitterly disappointed by the new developments, and loyalty to the Yugoslav state was at an all-time low. Although the King refused to talk of a separate Serbian identity as much as he did other national identities, and although he met some resistance against the dictatorship in Serbia as well as in other regions, his rule was modelled on unitary centralism and to some extent accommodated Serb national aspirations by keeping all Serbs within one centralised and unified state.
Each of the factions espoused its own standpoint on the nature of the national question in Yugoslavia, the national character of the state, and the policy the KPJ should take on these. 2 TOWARDS YUGOSLAV FEDERAL UNITY UNDER COMINTERN INFLUENCE In the period 1935–1940 important changes took place which profoundly influenced the KPJ’s search for a solution to the national question in Yugoslavia. From 1935 (the year when the Comintern introduced the Popular Front line to its members), the answer was sought firmly within the context of a Yugoslav state.