Crimes against nature: illegal industries and the global by Donald R. Liddick

By Donald R. Liddick

The alarming results of eco-crime cross a long way past the common degradation of the flora and fauna; very important societal associations are undermined and damaging social and monetary affects additionally end result from rubbish trafficking, natural world trafficking, unlawful fishing, and unlawful logging. with a view to effectively wrestle those difficulties, a constant, overseas reaction could be necessary.Crimes opposed to Nature: unlawful Industries and the worldwide setting addresses a big subject that's mostly unknown and barely documented except in studies released by means of environmental NGOs and a constrained variety of educational articles and journalistic debts. A complete and updated description of every illicit is equipped, emphasizing the damages prompted, the transnational nature of those actions, the jobs performed by means of equipped crime and private and non-private elites, and the diversity of attainable ideas. the writer addresses the complexity of balancing human matters with environmental pursuits and concludes with information about promising contemporary advancements.

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88 The huge legal trade in recyclable materials (such as scrap metal) facilitates the commingling of hazardous wastes with legal materials, and provides convenient cover for traffickers who look to transport hazardous waste as recoverable secondhand goods. Disguising hazardous waste as a legitimate product is common. For example, in 1992, Bangladesh received 1,000 tons of copper smelter furnace dust with high levels of lead and cadmium. S. firms and individuals, and then was sold to Bangladesh with the aid of the Asian Development Bank.

Finally, technological innovations may fill the regulatory void by indirectly reducing the profitability of criminals who traffic in garbage and hazardous wastes. Clearly, reducing costs for local treatment and disposal of nonrecyclable waste and increasing prices paid for recyclable wastes would reduce the illegal waste trade. Demand reduction strategies and methods that limit the volume of waste and reduce the costs of responsible disposal will necessarily decrease opportunities for illicit traffickers.

Law enforcers and environmental regulators must adopt a more strategic approach, and recognize that the illegal movement of wastes should not be viewed as a singular problem, but as an issue with multiple dimensions. For example, specific kinds of waste emanating from the European Union have different destinations: plastic waste tends to be exported to Asia, refrigerators and CFC tend to go to Western Africa, end-of-life vehicles go to Africa and Eastern Europe, and electronic and cable waste is shipped to West and East Asia.

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