By Czeslaw Tubilewicz
This informative and up to date textual content takes a multidisciplinary method in studying modern China. It presents scholars with a entire research of a few of the social, political and fiscal problems that China faces because it enters the twenty-first century. The chapters conceal key concerns together with: severe advancements in chinese language politics asymmetric monetary improvement privatization in China environmental difficulties demography and foodstuff creation ethnic minorities cross-strait kin socio-cultural matters. severe concerns in modern China displays the various fresh reforms in China and may equip the undergraduate with the analytical abilities they should examine the serious matters surrounding China from contending views.
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Extra resources for Criticial Issues in Contemporary China
Yet, despite its success at extending the central government’s control to all of China’s regions, the centrifugal forces disappeared neither from Mao’s China nor from China under the post-Mao leaderships. Prophecies of China disintegrating into independent or semi-independent strongholds (reminiscent of the warlords’ era) or of transforming into a commonwealth of semi-independent regions intensified after the Beijing Spring (Cheng 1990: 196–7; Domes 1990: 471). These pessimistic 13 CRITICAL ISSUES IN CONTEMPORARY CHINA predictions gained further credence when the Soviet Union disintegrated in 1991, quickly followed by Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia.
The Broken Mirror: China After Tiananmen, Harlow, Essex: Longman, pp. 466–72. Fewsmith, J. (1997) ‘Reaction, Resurgence, and Succession: Chinese Politics Since Tiananmen’, in R. ), The Politics of China: The Eras of Mao and Deng, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 472–531. Friedman, E. (1993) ‘China’s North-South Split and the Forces of Disintegration’, Current History 92/575 (September): 270–4. Gaddis, J. L. (1992/1993) ‘International Relations Theory and the End of the Cold War’, International Security 17/3 (Winter): 5–58.
Hu Jintao had consistently been moving up since the 1990s and at the Sixteenth CCP Congress emerged as the new leader. The role of the army in CCP leadership succession CCP leadership succession in the pre-PRC period was abrupt and violent but political violence peaked during Mao Zedong’s rule. Liu Shaoqi, together with his policy supporters, especially Deng Xiaoping, became political targets in the Cultural Revolution. Eventually, Liu fell ill and died. Then, amid the fervour of that mass movement, Mao named Marshall Lin Biao as his ‘heir apparent’ and called him his ‘close comrade-in-arms’ (qinmi zhanyou).