By Stephen Turnbull
Additionally available for purchase AS AN ebook. the unique compelled conversion of pagan Livonia, what's now the Baltic states of Latvia and Estonia, was once performed by means of an army order often called the Brethren of the Sword. In 1236 this order used to be included into the Teutonic Knights following a catastrophic army defeat. The knights had constantly consolidated their conquests via networks of castles and fortified locations, and the Livonian bankruptcy of the Teutonic Order outfitted castles of stone. This identify covers the developmental and operational background of those fortresses over the size of the center a long time. It information how the Baltic fortifications of the Teutonic Knights advanced to mirror the altering nature of siege battle and the expanding dominance of gunpowder in struggle.
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It has been said there that technology -in the broad sense -can effect economic progress. The introduction of new techniques in developing countries as a continuous process which it already is in the economically developed parts of the world is therefore highly desirable. It will be clear - and history provides many examples - that innovations may lead to a sometimes very rapid change in the need for the various types of skills. e. the analysis of the way in which applied science and technology affect economic growth.