Democracy: Government of the People or Government of the by José Nun

By José Nun

During this available and interesting e-book, JosZ Nun presents a finished research of the speculation and perform of democracy from historical Greece to modern Latin the US. The author's authoritative ancient and comparative dialogue of democracy is mixed together with his personal overview of the stipulations and chances for the advance of surely democratic societies in our time in the course of the global. All readers will take advantage of Nun's insightful contrast among visions of democracy-government of the folks or executive of the politicians-and their profound results.

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Sample text

This was no small feat. And one of the major consequences of this transformation was the emergence, for the first time, of what Robert Caste1 calls the “salaried society”-that is, not simply a capitalist society, in which most workers earn a wage, but a full employment society, increasingly homogeneous, in which paid work enjoys a status, dignity, and protection endowed to it by both employers and the state. In this way, a fairly general access to a new kind of security, now linked to work and not just to property, was consolidating.

5. ” I t is worth recalling that the rationing of products such as butter, margarine, cheese, bacon, and meat was lifted in Britain only in 1954. 6. To be fair, the same omission occurs in Schumpeter, who does not even mention the state and the rule of law as preconditions for the working of his procedural definition of democracy. 7. ” This thesis had been sustained since 1950 by Richard Titmuss, another expert of the same orign. However, Giddens exaggerates when he says “such as it exists today,” in that he overlooks three things: in Europe there is more than one kind of welfare state; there have been deep and fiequent reforms regarding social policies; and, because of such reforms, if war solidarity is an explaining factor for the rise of welfare states, it is not useful for explaining its permanence or its transformations.

We finally arrive at the third group of rights that, according to Marshall, define citizenship and are characteristic of the twentieth century-social rights, whose novelty we have already underscored and which are worth considering now in their full dimension. There had certainly been social rights before the twentieth century. ” But the system was just a remnant of the old order, a premodern and precapitalist barrier to the freedom of the market; which failed categorically in its goals and was eventually swept away by the Industrial Revolution.

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