Disorders of Brain and Mind: Volume 2 by Maria A. Ron, Trevor W. Robbins

By Maria A. Ron, Trevor W. Robbins

In recent times there were significant advances in parts of scientific neuroscience together with neurogenetics, neuroimaging and the medical research of awareness. problems of mind and brain II brings jointly an important findings because the earlier quantity was once released in 1998. Imaging of the traditional and irregular brain figures prominently, and there's assurance of genes and behaviour, mind improvement, realization and aggression. New disease-oriented chapters element contemporary advances in dementia, affective affliction and drug use and abuse. medical chapters are paired with these describing neuropathology or experimental versions of disorder.

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Additional resources for Disorders of Brain and Mind: Volume 2

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Tomblin JB and Buckwalter PR (1998). Heritability of poor language achievement among twins. J Speech Lang Hear Res, 41, 188–99. Wahlstr¨om J (1990). Gene map of mental retardation. J Ment Deficiency Res, 34, 11–27. Watson SJ and Akil H (1999). Gene chips and arrays revealed: a primer on their power and their uses. Biol Psychiatry, 45, 533–43. Wickelgren I (1998). Tracking insulin to the mind. Science, 280, 517–19. Willcutt EG, DeFries JC, Pennington BF, Smith SD, Cardon LR and Olson RK (2002). Genetic etiology of comorbid reading difficulties and ADHD.

The search for genes involved in behaviour has led to a number of ethical concerns (Plomin 1999b). For example, there are fears that the results will be used to justify social inequality, to select individuals for education or employment, or to enable 24 R Plomin parents to pick and choose among their fetuses. These concerns are largely based on misunderstandings about how genes affect complex traits (Rutter and Plomin 1997), but it is important that behavioural scientists knowledgeable about DNA continue to be involved in this debate.

The future of genetic research lies in moving from finding genes (genomics) to finding out how genes work (functional genomics). Functional genomics is usually considered in terms of bottom-up molecular biology at the cellular level of analysis. As an antidote to the tendency to define functional genomics at the cellular level of analysis, the phrase behavioural genomics has been proposed (Plomin and Crabbe 2000). Indeed, behavioural genomics may pay off more quickly than other levels of analysis in terms of prediction, diagnosis, therapy and intervention in relation to behavioural disorders and normal behavioural variation.

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