Saracen Strongholds AD 630-1050: The Middle East and Central by David Nicolle

By David Nicolle

Saracen Strongholds advert 630-1050: the center East and critical Asia КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: Osprey Publishing LtdСерия: castle 77Автор(ы): David NicolleЯзык: EnglishГод издания: 2008Количество страниц: 68ISBN: 978-184603-115-1Формат: pdf OCR OGONРазмер: 29.8 mb RAPIDили IFOLDER eighty five 1 2 three four five

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Saracen Strongholds AD 630-1050: The Middle East and Central Asia

Saracen Strongholds advert 630-1050: the center East and relevant Asia КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: Osprey Publishing LtdСерия: fort 77Автор(ы): David NicolleЯзык: EnglishГод издания: 2008Количество страниц: 68ISBN: 978-184603-115-1Формат: pdf OCR OGONРазмер: 29. eight mb RAPIDили IFOLDER eighty five 1 2 three four five

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According to al-Istakhri, writing in the late 9th or very early 10th century Kuva was situated very favourably: There is a kukhendiz (citadel), a shakhristan (fortified city) and a rabid (surburb). The kukhendiz had been destroyed. The mosque is situated in the kukhendiz. The bazaar, the palace of the ruler and the prison are situated in the rabid. The rabid is surrounded by the wall, has beautiful gardens, and abundant running water. Modern archaeological excavations show that the shakhristan fortified inner city reached its final form during the medieval period, and was surrounded by thick defensive walls made of typically Central Asian pakhsa, or large building blocks of earth and straw.

Castles under siege One of the first military efforts by the Prophet Muhammad and his followers was against some of the tall, fortified houses that characterized Arabian oases. Those at Khaybar contained siege engines, which could be used against the fortified houses or 'castles' of rivals during civil conflict. The machines in question appear to have been 'arrada - simple, small forms of man-powered, beam-sling mangonels - while one fortified house captured by the Muslims also contained two roofed wooden 'sheds' to protect miners as they attacked the base of an enemy wall.

The best preserved of these early medieval Islamic frontier forts in southern Turkey is, however, Haruniye. Named after Harun aI-Rashid, it had been completed by AD 786, securing a strategic route across the mountains between Maras and the Cilician Plain. Haruniye is perched on an almost pointed outcrop of rock overlooking what is now a barely used trail through a cleft in the Nur Daglari Mountains. It is also visible from the fort at Cardak Kalesi and may once have formed part of a chain of such forts along the mountains.

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