Violent Youth in Adult Court: The Decertification of by Kareem L. Jordan

By Kareem L. Jordan

Jordan examines juvenile decertification and assesses the final effectiveness of Pennsylvania’s legislative waiver statute. He considers: the criteria that impression at the decertification selection; decertified and non-decertified (i.e., nonetheless in grownup court docket) adolescence by way of court docket results, and recidivism within the teams. mostly talking, the worse offenders have been retained in grownup courtroom. notwithstanding, there seems to be no distinction in punishment walk in the park and recidivism among decertified and non-decertified offenders, even supposing adolescence within the grownup method in general obtain longer confinement time and case processing time. The statute isn't really attaining its pursuits.

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Violent Youth in Adult Court: The Decertification of Transferred Offenders (Criminal Justice: Recent Scholarship)

Jordan examines juvenile decertification and assesses the final effectiveness of Pennsylvania’s legislative waiver statute. He considers: the criteria that influence at the decertification choice; decertified and non-decertified (i. e. , nonetheless in grownup courtroom) early life when it comes to court docket results, and recidivism within the teams.

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Extra info for Violent Youth in Adult Court: The Decertification of Transferred Offenders (Criminal Justice: Recent Scholarship)

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Offenders who had either no prior placements or one to 44 Violent Youth in Adult Court three placements were significantly less likely to be transferred than were those with four or more placements. An interpretation of this finding is that juveniles may still be seen as amenable to treatment after few prior placements, meaning they are still likely to remain in the juvenile justice system. However, as prior placements then increase, offenders may no longer be thought of as being receptive to the treatment of the juvenile court, which likely will result in them being transferred.

Therefore, as previously mentioned, race could have an indirect effect on the transfer decision. Other comparative research also attempted to gauge the impact of legal and extralegal variables on the decision to transfer. Barnes and Franz (1989) examined all juveniles who had waiver motions filed against them in a large metropolitan county in California between March 1978 and December 1983 (n = 206). , previous commitment, offense seriousness, and prior record) were the most important factors in the transfer decision.

Although this research examined many independent variables during the analysis, the model explained 38% of the “variance” in transfer, suggesting that other unmeasured factors impact on prosecutors’ decision to waive a case to adult court. , 1998). In contrast to the transfer process, there has not been much research regarding the use of decertification, and little is known about the factors that predict which cases get decertified. To date, in fact, there has been only one known empirical study that focused on the determinants of reverse waiver.

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